Chapter- 9. Multiple Choice Questions

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1 Chapter- 9 Multiple Choice Questions 1. The low-latitude climates: a. are located along the equator b. are located between the tropics of cancer and capricorn c. do not include the ITCZ d. are restricted to the ITCZ alone 2. The low-latitude climates are characterized by all the following except. a. wave cyclones b. the ITCZ c. the trade winds d. the subtropical high-pressure cells 3. The low-latitude climate that receives the highest annual total precipitation is. a. monsoon and trade-wind coastal b. wet equatorial c. wet-dry tropical d. dry tropical 4. The low-latitude climate that shows the strongest annual temperature cycle is. a. monsoon and trade-wind coastal b. wet equatorial c. wet-dry tropical d. dry tropical 5. The wet equatorial climate is known for all of the following except that: a. it is influenced by the ITCZ b. the climate is dominated by warm, moist me and mt air masses c. rainfall is plentiful in all months d. there is a very strong seasonal pattern to the rainfall 6. The monsoon and trade-wind coastal climate is known for all of the following except that: a. it has low rainfall b. is has abundant rainfall c. it has a strong seasonal rainfall pattern d. the seasonal rainfall pattern is due to the migration of the ITCZ

2 7. Trade-wind coasts are usually found on the side of continents while monsoon climate usually affect the coast of continents. a. Southwest, East b. West, Northeast c. East, West d. West, East 8. What type of air masses come onshore in Asia during the summer monsoon? a. me b. ce c. ct d. mt 9. Low-latitude rainforests are known for all of the following except: a. large numbers of plant species b. large numbers of animal species c. soils with a great ability to hold nutrients d. soils rich in oxides of iron 10. Which tree has been transported from South America to Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka because of its economic value? a. mahogany b. rubber c. balsa d. ebony 11. In many areas of the rainforest, agriculture is practiced by the method. a. crops rotation b. grazing c. fertilizing d. slash-and-burn 12. What plant is considered to be the most important to humans in the low latitude climates? a. mahogany b. rubber c. balsa d. coconut palm

3 13. The wet-dry tropical climate is distinguished by a season at low Sun and a season at high Sun. a. dry, wet b. wet, dry c. wet, rainy d. drought, dry 14. In the wet-dry tropical climate, how do cloud cover and evaporation of rain affect temperature? a. no effect b. temperature remains stable c. temperature increases d. temperature declines 15. What kind of adaptation is shown by the native vegetation of the wet-dry tropical climate to survive alternating seasons of very dry and very wet weather? a. very thick seed cover to prevent rot during the wet season b. most plants enter a dormant phase during the dry season c. all plants turn to straw d. no special adaptation is needed since temperature remains warm year-round 16. vegetation consists of two basic types: Savanna woodland and Thorntreetall-grass savanna. a. African environment b. Rain-drought c. Rain-green d. Drought-adapted 17. Of the following, which animal is not adapted to the African Savanna environment? a. elephant b. zebra c. lion d. camel 18. Of the following savanna animals, which is in danger of extinction? a. elephant b. zebra c. lion d. gazelle

4 19. Of the following, which climate type cannot support rice cultivation in Southeast Asia? a. monsoon and trade-wind coastal climate b. dry tropical climate c. wet-dry tropical climate d. moist subtropical climate 20. The Savanna environment is: a. a transition between rainforest and desert environments b. known for its very high mountains c. a transition between rainforest and coastal environments d. sometimes confused with northern Asian steppes 21. The region of Africa suffers from land degradation that increases desertification of this region. a. Sahara b. Kalahari desert c. Zaire rainforest d. Sahel 22. Most native trees of the savanna woodland have little commercial value as export lumber except for. a. cashew-nut tree b. kapok c. black teak d. acacia 23. The dry tropical climate is found in the of subtropical high-pressure cells. a. center and west sides b. center and north sides c. center and south sides d. center and east sides 24. The daily temperature range in the dry tropical climate is typically. a. very large b. very small c. moderate d. uniformly warm

5 25. The driest areas of the dry tropical climate are near the. a. equator b. tropic of cancer c. tropics of cancer and capricorn d. tropic of capricorn 26. Within the dry tropical climate, semiarid areas where some grasses can grow because of a short wet season are called. a. deserts b. tropics c. shrub lands d. steppes 27. In the dry tropical climate, condensation is inhibited by: a. the cool nights b. subsidence in the subtropical high-pressure cells c. very hot temperature d. the lack of rainfall 28. An oasis is a(n) a. desert area where groundwater is tapped for crop irrigation b. pocket of intense precipitation in a desert environment c. area that is always found right by perennial rivers in desert environments d. shallow salt lake occupying desert basins 29. In highland climates of low-latitudes, rainfall increases because: a. the air is too thin to hold moisture b. there is much more evapotranspiration at high altitudes c. the albedo is much higher at high altitudes d. orographic precipitation tends to be induced when air masses ascend to higher elevation 30. are cool to cold, usually moist climates that occupy mountains and high plateaus. a. Low-latitude climates b. Highland climates c. Wet-dry climates d. Midlatitude climates

6 True/False Questions 31. True/False The wet equatorial climate receives its precipitation from convectional rainfall. 32. True/False Monthly rainfall is greater in the monsoon and trade-wind coastal climate when the ITCZ is away from the region. 33. True/False Animal life of the rainforest is most abundant in the upper layers of the rainforest. 34. True/False An important class of food plants native to the wet low-latitude environment are starchy staples. 35. True/False The wet-dry tropical climate is characterized by a very dry season at low Sun that alternates with a very wet season at high Sun. 36. True/False The most common type of tree found in the savanna woodland is the coconut palm. 37. True/False The African Sahel, a transition zone between the Sahara desert and the low latitude rainforest, is in danger of degradation because of overgrazing during drought periods. 38. True/False The dry tropical climate has a short rainy season when the ITCZ is near. 39. True/False The character of the climate of a given highland area is usually closely related to that of the climate of the surrounding lowland. 40. True/False Fast growing annuals survive the drought conditions of the desert by growing a hard-leafed exterior, which helps trap moisture. Short Answer Essay Questions 41. Explain the factors that lead to the expansion of the Sahel region of Africa. 42. Describe and explain the various mechanisms desert plants use to adapt to drought conditions. 43. What are the plant products and food resources of the rainforest? 44. How do highland climates of low latitudes compare to their surrounding lowlands? 45. Describe the location of the ITCZ compared to the high seasonal rainfall period in the wet equatorial climate.

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