# CVEN 311 Fluid Dynamics Fall Semester 2011 Dr. Kelly Brumbelow, Texas A&M University. Final Exam

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CVEN 311 Fluid Dynamics Fall Semester 2011 Dr. Kelly Brumbelow, Texas A&M University. Final Exam"

## Transcription

1 CVEN 311 Fluid Dynamics Fall Semester 2011 Dr. Kelly Brumbelow, Texas A&M University Final Exam 8 pages, front & back, not including reference sheets; 21 questions An excerpt from the NCEES Fundamentals of Engineering Supplied-Reference Handbook is attached to this exam. It is the only reference material allowed during this exam. Questions 1 to 14 are written in the format of the F.E. Exam Morning Section and should require on average 2 minutes per question to complete. Each question is worth 3.5 points. Clearly write the letter corresponding to the best answer in the blank provided on the answer sheet. 1. The static pressure (Pa) at the bottom of a 7.3 m deep tank of gasoline ( = 720 kg/m 3 ) is most nearly: (A) (B) (C) (D) An experiment is designed to determine the behavior of transient pressure waves in crude oil pipelines using a model pipeline that is Cauchy number-similar to the prototype pipeline. In the prototype, fluid density is 1.69 slugs/ft 3 ; flow velocity is 13.2 ft/sec; and bulk modulus is psi. If the model uses 70 F water (E v = psi) as its pipeline fluid, what will be the necessary model flow velocity? (A) 15.5 ft/sec (B) 4.28 ft/sec (C) 18.3 ft/sec (D) 11.2 ft/sec 3. Water flows at a rate of 10 gal/min through a 1 inch diameter pipe. The pipe includes a partially closed valve along its length. If the static pressure immediately before the valve is 72 psi and immediately after the valve is 64 psi, the minor loss coefficient for the valve is most nearly: (A) (B) 3.6 (C) 6.9 (D) 220 CVEN 311 Final Exam Page 1 of 8

2 4. A differential manometer is shown in the diagram below. The difference in pressure between point A and point B (p A p B ) (lb/ft 2 ) is most nearly: B Fluid 1: SG= ft Fluid 3: SG=1.00 A 3.9 ft 5.4 ft Fluid 2: SG=13.6 (A) 4800 (B) (C) 130 (D) The tank drawn below has 2 circular orifices in its sidewalls and is filled with liquid to a depth H as shown. The orifices have upper and lower edges at equal elevations as indicated. Which of the following statements regarding the tank drawn below are true? H I. Volumetric flowrate through the 2 orifices will be equal. II. Velocity out of the orifices will increase if the tank is filled with a denser liquid. III. Flowrate through the orifices is proportional to H 1/2. IV. Closing one of the orifices will increase the flowrate in the other. (A) II and IV (B) I, III, and IV (C) II and III (D) None of the statements is true CVEN 311 Final Exam Page 2 of 8

3 6. A section of water main is shown in the profile graph below with its hydraulic grade line (HGL). The pressure (psi) at point K is most nearly: HGL 240 ft 200 ft 160 ft 120 ft K 80 ft 40 ft (A) 7500 (B) 87 (C) 35 (D) Glycerin ( = 1260 kg/m 3, = 1.50 N s/m 2 ) flows in a smooth 25 mm diameter pipe at a velocity of 7 mm/s. The head loss (mm) in each 5 m length of pipe is most nearly: (A) 66 (B) 217 (C) 32 (D) A 1 m diameter sphere is fabricated so that exactly one-half of the sphere is solid steel (SG = 7.8) and one-half is filled with air. The outer skin of the sphere is of negligible mass. If the sphere is then dropped into a tank of water, which of the following statements would be true? I. The sphere will sink to the bottom of the tank. II. There will be no buoyancy force acting on the sphere. III. The centers of gravity and buoyancy will arrange themselves in positions of stable equilibrium. IV. It is not possible to predict the behavior of the sphere with the information given. (A) III only (B) IV only (C) I and III (D) I and II CVEN 311 Final Exam Page 3 of 8

4 9. Carbon tetrachloride ( = 1590 kg/m 3 ) flows in a conduit at a velocity of 2.5 m/s. A Pitot-static tube is used for velocity measurements and records a static pressure of 78 kpa. What is the value of stagnation pressure (kpa) measured by the Pitot tube? (A) 5 (B) 78 (C) 83 (D) A fluid has specific gravity equal to 0.68 and absolute viscosity equal to lb sec/ft 2. Its kinematic viscosity (ft 2 /sec) is: (A) (B) (C) (D) Water at 200 F flows in a 2 inch diameter pipe at a flowrate of ft 3 /sec. The Reynolds number of the flow is most nearly: (A) (B) (C) (D) A tank filled with seawater ( = 64.0 lb/ft 3 ) has one side that is trapezoidal in shape and inclined at a 70 angle as shown in the drawing below. The total force (lb) acting on the side wall is: A 13 ft 70 (A) 44,100 (B) 46,800 (C) 57,600 (D) 71,100 A 4 ft 6 ft 4 ft SECTION A-A (Tank Sidewall) CVEN 311 Final Exam Page 4 of 8

5 13. A 0.6 m diameter cylindrical bridge pier is installed in a river that is 5.7 m deep. If the mean flow velocity of the river approaching the pier is 1.2 m/s, what is the drag force exerted on the pier? (A) 616 N (B) 1480 N (C) 2460 N (D) 739 N 14. A three-branch pipe fitting is shown in the drawing below. Static pressure is 12 psi at each branch. Given the flows and pressures present, what is the force that must be exerted to hold the fitting stationary? 3.15 cfs cfs 8 in 6 in (A) 380 lb (B) 520 lb (C) 43 lb (D) 300 lb Questions 15 to 21 are written in the format of the F.E. Exam Afternoon Section and should require on average 4 minutes per question to complete. Each question is worth 7 points. Clearly write the letter corresponding to the best answer in the blank provided on the answer sheet. 15. Water is pumped from a lower reservoir (water surface elevation 110 m) to an upper reservoir (water surface elevation 180 m) through a concrete pipeline (length 3000 m, diameter 500 mm, roughness 2.5 mm). The flowrate in the pipeline is 0.52 m 3 /s, and minor losses are negligible. If the gross efficiency of the pump is 45%, what will be the gross power consumption (W) of the pump? (A) (B) (C) (D) CVEN 311 Final Exam Page 5 of 8

6 16. A tank with a semi-circular side will require this side to be braced. If the liquid contained in the tank is fresh water, what will be the brace position (x b, y b ) and bracing angle b to support the tank side in direct opposition to the fluid static force? y (0,0) 6 ft x b (x b,y b ) Brace (A) (2.55, -2.00) and 57.5 (B) (2.55, -2.00) and 32.5 (C) (3.22, -5.06) and 57.5 (D) (4.08, -4.40) and A 0.1 m diameter rubber sphere ( = 700 kg/m 3 ) is tethered to a river bottom and submerged as shown in the figure below. The length of the tether is 7.5 m, and its mass is negligible. If the average velocity of the river current approaching the sphere is 1.74 m/s, the distance X between the sphere and the river bottom is most nearly: V X (A) 0 m (B) 1.9 m (C) 4.9 m (D) 6.8 m CVEN 311 Final Exam Page 6 of 8

7 18. The production facility in a paint manufacturing plant includes a set of mixing and packaging containers. Each container has a volume of 1 liter and begins a packaging cycle completely empty. Two liquid components, A and B, flow into each container from separate tubes, and an outflow tube allows some of the mixture of A and B to begin flowing out immediately. Liquid A has density 760 kg/m 3 and absolute viscosity N s/m 2 and flows into the container through a 5 mm diameter tube. Liquid B has density 1150 kg/m 3 and absolute viscosity N s/m 2 and flows into the container through a 2 mm diameter tube. The outflow tube is 2 mm in diameter. If the centerline velocities of the flows in the A inflow, B inflow, and mixture outflow tubes are, respectively, 1.2 m/sec, 0.9 m/sec, and 0.8 m/sec, how long is required to fill a 1 liter packaging container? (A) 1 min 9 sec (B) 0 min 42 sec (C) 1 min 24 sec (D) 1 min 16 sec 19. Water flows from an upper reservoir (elevation 750 ft) to a lower reservoir (elevation 700 ft) through a pipe that changes diameter and material along its path. The first section of the pipe is cast iron, 12 inch diameter, and 500 ft long. The second section of the pipe is galvanized iron, 8 inch diameter, and 950 ft long. The flowrate (ft 3 /sec) through the pipe is most nearly: (A) 18 (B) 3.7 (C) 11 (D) Which of the following statements regarding minor losses are true? I. Minor losses are a direct consequence of the Bernoulli equation. II. It is possible for minor losses to be greater than major losses along a pipe. III. Minor loss is proportional to pressure head in the minor loss element. IV. The shape of a hydraulic exit affects the minor loss coefficient for the exit. (A) II only (B) II and IV (C) I and III (D) I and IV CVEN 311 Final Exam Page 7 of 8

8 21. A 100 ft long smooth plastic pipe of 2.5 inch diameter connects two pressurized tanks of water as shown in the drawing below. The pump has a power input of 450 ft lb/sec with perfect efficiency. The tanks are at the same elevation. The minor loss coefficient of the valve is 5.3. What is the pressure (psi) in the right tank? p = 35 psi p =? V = 6.2 ft/sec pump valve (A) 64 (B) 1900 (C) 230 (D) 48 CVEN 311 Final Exam Page 8 of 8

### and its weight (in newtons) when located on a planet with an acceleration of gravity equal to 4.0 ft/s 2.

1.26. A certain object weighs 300 N at the earth's surface. Determine the mass of the object (in kilograms) and its weight (in newtons) when located on a planet with an acceleration of gravity equal to

### Irrigation &Hydraulics Department lb / ft to kg/lit.

CAIRO UNIVERSITY FLUID MECHANICS Faculty of Engineering nd Year CIVIL ENG. Irrigation &Hydraulics Department 010-011 1. FLUID PROPERTIES 1. Identify the dimensions and units for the following engineering

### PHYS 101 Previous Exam Problems

PHYS 101 Previous Exam Problems CHAPTER 14 Fluids Fluids at rest pressure vs. depth Pascal s principle Archimedes s principle Buoynat forces Fluids in motion: Continuity & Bernoulli equations 1. How deep

### Old-Exam.Questions-Ch-14 T072 T071

Old-Exam.Questions-Ch-14 T072 Q23. Water is pumped out of a swimming pool at a speed of 5.0 m/s through a uniform hose of radius 1.0 cm. Find the mass of water pumped out of the pool in one minute. (Density

### . In an elevator accelerating upward (A) both the elevator accelerating upward (B) the first is equations are valid

IIT JEE Achiever 2014 Ist Year Physics-2: Worksheet-1 Date: 2014-06-26 Hydrostatics 1. A liquid can easily change its shape but a solid cannot because (A) the density of a liquid is smaller than that of

### γ water = 62.4 lb/ft 3 = 9800 N/m 3

CEE 42 Aut 200, Exam #1 Work alone. Answer all questions. Always make your thought process clear; if it is not, you will not receive partial credit for incomplete or partially incorrect answers. Some data

Hydrostatic pressure Consider a tank of fluid which contains a very thin plate of (neutrally buoyant) material with area A. This situation is shown in Figure below. If the plate is in equilibrium (it does

### FLUID MECHANICS Time: 1 hour (ECE-301) Max. Marks :30

B.Tech. [SEM III(ME&CE)] QUIZ TEST-1 (Session : 2013-14) Time: 1 hour (ECE-301) Max. Marks :30 Note: Attempt all questions. PART A Q1. The velocity of the fluid filling a hollow cylinder of radius 0.1

### γ water = 62.4 lb/ft 3 = 9800 N/m 3

CEE 4 Aut 004, Exam # Work alone. Answer all questions. Total pts: 90. Always make your thought process clear; if it is not, you will not receive partial credit for incomplete or partially incorrect answers.

### The water supply for a hydroelectric plant is a reservoir with a large surface area. An outlet pipe takes the water to a turbine.

Fluids 1a. [1 mark] The water supply for a hydroelectric plant is a reservoir with a large surface area. An outlet pipe takes the water to a turbine. State the difference in terms of the velocity of the

### Hours / 100 Marks Seat No.

17421 15116 3 Hours / 100 Seat No. Instructions (1) All Questions are Compulsory. (2) Answer each next main Question on a new page. (3) Illustrate your answers with neat sketches wherever necessary. (4)

### Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

### 3. How many kilograms of air is in the room?

1. Astronomers use density as a clue to the composition of distant objects. Judging by the orbits of its moons the mass of Saturn is found to be 5.68 10 26 kg. (a) Use its mean radius 58 230 km to determine

### Hours / 100 Marks Seat No.

17421 21415 3 Hours / 100 Marks Seat No. Instructions : (1) All Questions are compulsory. (2) Answer each next main Question on a new page. (3) Illustrate your answers with neat sketches wherever necessary.

### 1. All fluids are: A. gases B. liquids C. gases or liquids D. non-metallic E. transparent ans: C

Chapter 14: FLUIDS 1 All fluids are: A gases B liquids C gases or liquids D non-metallic E transparent 2 Gases may be distinguished from other forms of matter by their: A lack of color B small atomic weights

### Slide 5 / What is the difference between the pressure on the bottom of a pool and the pressure on the water surface? A ρgh B ρg/h C ρ/gh D gh/ρ

Slide 1 / 47 1 Two substances mercury with a density 13600 kg/m3 and alcohol with a density 800 kg/m3 are selected for an experiment. If the experiment requires equal masses of each liquid, what is the

### Unit A-2: List of Subjects

ES312 Energy Transfer Fundamentals Unit A: Fundamental Concepts ROAD MAP... A-1: Introduction to Thermodynamics A-2: Engineering Properties Unit A-2: List of Subjects Basic Properties and Temperature Pressure

### Experiment 8: Minor Losses

Experiment 8: Minor Losses Purpose: To determine the loss factors for flow through a range of pipe fittings including bends, a contraction, an enlargement and a gate-valve. Introduction: Energy losses

### 1. The principle of fluid pressure that is used in hydraulic brakes or lifts is that:

University Physics (Prof. David Flory) Chapt_15 Thursday, November 15, 2007 Page 1 Name: Date: 1. The principle of fluid pressure that is used in hydraulic brakes or lifts is that: A) pressure is the same

### Chapter 9 Fluids and Buoyant Force

Chapter 9 Fluids and Buoyant Force In Physics, liquids and gases are collectively called fluids. 3/0/018 8:56 AM 1 Fluids and Buoyant Force Formula for Mass Density density mass volume m V water 1000 kg

### PHYSICS - CLUTCH CH 17: FLUID MECHANICS.

!! www.clutchprep.com INTRO TO DENSITY LIQUIDS and GASES are types of. So we use the term to refer generally to both Liquids AND Gases. The DENSITY of a material is a measure of how tight the molecules

### Static Fluids. **All simulations and videos required for this package can be found on my website, here:

DP Physics HL Static Fluids **All simulations and videos required for this package can be found on my website, here: http://ismackinsey.weebly.com/fluids-hl.html Fluids are substances that can flow, so

### Middle East Technical University Department of Mechanical Engineering ME 305 Fluid Mechanics I Fall 2018 Section 4 (Dr.

Middle East Technical University Department of Mechanical Engineering ME 305 Fluid Mechanics I Fall 2018 Section 4 (Dr. Sert) Study Set 3 Reading Assignments You can find the answers of some of the following

### Cover Page for Lab Report Group Portion. Drag on Spheres

Cover Page for Lab Report Group Portion Drag on Spheres Prepared by Professor J. M. Cimbala, Penn State University Latest revision: 29 September 2017 Name 1: Name 2: Name 3: [Name 4: ] Date: Section number:

### Chapter 9 Solids and Fluids

2/17/16 Chapter 9 Solids and Fluids Units of Chapter 9 Solids and Elastic Moduli Fluids: Pressure and Pascal s Buoyancy and Archimedes Fluid Dynamics and Bernoulli s Surface Tension, Viscosity, and Poiseuille

### 1. Air is blown through a pipe AB at a rate of 15 litre per minute. The cross-sectional area of broad

Keshaw Classes IIT/JEE Medical Classes 5-A 11028 / 9, WEA, Sat Nagar, Karol Bagh New Delhi-110005 Mob:9910915514,9953150192 Ph:011-45660510 E-mail : keshawclasses@gmail.com Web:www.keshawclasses.com Solids

### Lab Problems. Lab Problems for Chapter Fluid Characterization by Use of a Stormer Viscometer L-1

Lab Problems This section contains end-of-the-chapter problems that involve data obtained from various simple laboratory experiments. These lab problems for any chapter can be obtained by clicking on the

The Islamic University of Gaza Faculty of Engineering Civil Engineering Department Hydraulics - ECIV 3322 Chapter 4 Unsteady Flow in Pipes Water Hammer Phenomenon in pipelines A sudden change of flow rate

### Lab. Manual. Fluid Mechanics. The Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering

Lab. Manual of Fluid Mechanics The Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering General Safety rules to be followed in Fluid Mechanics Lab: 1. Always wear shoes before entering lab. 2. Do not touch

### Slide 1 / What is the density of an aluminum block with a mass of 4050 kg and volume of 1.5 m 3?

Slide 1 / 68 1 What is the density of an aluminum block with a mass of 4050 kg and volume of 1.5 m 3? Slide 2 / 68 2 What is the mass of a rectangular shaped ice block with dimensions of 0.04m x 0.05m

### Lesson 12: Fluid statics, Continuity equation (Sections ) Chapter 9 Fluids

Lesson : luid statics, Continuity equation (Sections 9.-9.7) Chapter 9 luids States of Matter - Solid, liquid, gas. luids (liquids and gases) do not hold their shapes. In many cases we can think of liquids

### then the work done is, if the force and the displacement are in opposite directions, then the work done is.

1. What is the formula for work? W= x 2. What are the 8 forms of energy? 3. Write the formula for the following: Kinetic Energy Potential Energy 4. If the force and the displacement are in the same direction,

### Fluid Mechanics. Liquids and gases have the ability to flow They are called fluids There are a variety of LAWS that fluids obey

Fluid Mechanics Fluid Mechanics Liquids and gases have the ability to flow They are called fluids There are a variety of LAWS that fluids obey Density Regardless of form (solid, liquid, gas) we can define

### Pumping Systems for Landscaping Pumps, Controls and Accessories. Mark Snyder, PE

October 21, 2010 Pumping Systems for Landscaping Pumps, Controls and Accessories Mark Snyder, PE Pump Station Design Purpose of Pump Stations Pump stations are designed to boost water pressure from a lower

### 3. A fluid is forced through a pipe of changing cross section as shown. In which section would the pressure of the fluid be a minimum?

AP Physics Multiple Choice Practice Fluid Mechanics 1. A cork has weight mg and density 5% of water s density. A string is tied around the cork and attached to the bottom of a water-filled container. The

### Permeability. Darcy's Law

Permeability Permeability is a property of the porous medium that measures the capacity and ability of the formation to transmit fluids. The rock permeability, k, is a very important rock property because

### mass of container full of air = g mass of container with extra air = g volume of air released = cm 3

1992 Q32 The air pressure inside the passenger cabin of an airliner is 9 x 10 4 Pa when the airliner is at its cruising height. The pressure of the outside atmosphere at this height is 4 x 10 4 Pa. Calculate

Pressure Variation with Depth Pressure in a static fluid does not change in the horizontal direction as the horizontal forces balance each other out. However, pressure in a static fluid does change with

### MEMORIAL UNIVERSITY OF NEWFOUNDLAND Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY PIPE FRICTION

MEMORIAL UNIVERSITY OF NEWFOUNDLAND Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY PIPE FRICTION Objective To estimate the fluid pressure drops and roughness specifications for copper

### L 13 Fluid Statics [2] More on fluids. How can a steel boat float. A ship can float in a cup of water! Today s weather

L 13 Fluid Statics [2] More on fluids. How can a steel boat float. A ship can float in a cup of water! Today s weather The deeper you go the higher the pressure P Top A hypothetical volume of water inside

### Write important assumptions used in derivation of Bernoulli s equation. Apart from an airplane wing, give an example based on Bernoulli s principle

HW#3 Sum07 #1. Answer in 4 to 5 lines in the space provided for each question: (a) A tank partially filled with water has a balloon well below the free surface and anchored to the bottom by a string. The

### FLOATING AND SINKING

NAME SCHOOL INDEX NUMBER DATE FLOATING AND SINKING 1. 1994 Q5a P2 (a) State Archimedes s principal (1 mark) 2. 1996 Q29 P1 A solid copper sphere will sink in water while a hollow copper sphere of the same

### Homework of chapter (3)

The Islamic University of Gaza, Civil Engineering Department, Fluid mechanics-discussion, Instructor: Dr. Khalil M. Al Astal T.A: Eng. Hasan Almassri T.A: Eng. Mahmoud AlQazzaz First semester, 2013. Homework

### Cover Page for Lab Report Group Portion. Head Losses in Pipes

Cover Page for Lab Report Group Portion Head Losses in Pipes Prepared by Professor J. M. Cimbala, Penn State University Latest revision: 12 September 2017 Name 1: Name 2: Name 3: [Name 4: ] Date: Section

### University Curriculum Development for Decentralized Wastewater Management

Page i University Curriculum Development for Decentralized Wastewater Management Hydraulics I: Fundamentals Module Text Paul Trotta, P.E., Ph.D. Justin Ramsey, P.E. Chad Cooper September 2004 Page ii NDWRCDP

### Cover Page for Lab Report Group Portion. Head Losses in Pipes

Cover Page for Lab Report Group Portion Head Losses in Pipes Prepared by Professor J. M. Cimbala, Penn State University Latest revision: 02 February 2012 Name 1: Name 2: Name 3: [Name 4: ] Date: Section

### Assumptions 1 At specified conditions, air behaves as an ideal gas. 2 The volume of the tire remains constant.

PTT 04/ Applied Fluid Mechanics Sem, Session015/016 ASSIGNMENT 1 CHAPTER AND CHAPTER 1. The air in an automobile tire with a volume of 0.0740 m is at 0 C and 140 kpa. Determine the amount of air that must

### Fluid Mechanics - Hydrostatics. Sections 11 5 and 6

Fluid Mechanics - Hydrostatics Sections 11 5 and 6 A closed system If you take a liquid and place it in a system that is CLOSED like plumbing for example or a car s brake line, the PRESSURE is the same

### DARSHAN INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

DARSHAN INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY FLUID MECHANICS (2141906) INDEX Sr. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. Experiment Start Date End Date Sign Grade To validate Bernoulli s theorem as applied to the flow of water

### UNIT 15 WATER HAMMER AND SURGE TANKS

UNT 15 WATER HAMMER AND SURGE TANKS Structure 15.1 ntroduction Objectives 15.2 Water Hammer 15.2.1 Expression for Rise in Pressure 15.3 Rapid Acceleration of Flow 15.4 Surge Tanks 15.5 Summary 15.6 Keywords

### AP B Fluids Practice Problems. Multiple Choice. Slide 2 / 43. Slide 1 / 43. Slide 4 / 43. Slide 3 / 43. Slide 6 / 43. Slide 5 / 43

Slide 1 / 43 Slide 2 / 43 P Fluids Practice Problems Multiple hoice Slide 3 / 43 1 Two substances mercury with a density 13600 kg/m 3 and alcohol with a density 0.8 kg/m 3 are selected for an experiment.

### Chapter 3 PRESSURE AND FLUID STATICS

Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd Edition Yunus A. Cengel, John M. Cimbala McGraw-Hill, 2010 Chapter 3 PRESSURE AND FLUID STATICS Lecture slides by Hasan Hacışevki Copyright The McGraw-Hill

### L-14 Fluids [3] Buoyancy why things float. Buoyant Force F B. Archimedes principle. Archimedes Principle

Buoyancy why things float L-14 Fluids [3] Review fluid statics Pascal s Principle hy things float Fluids in Motion Fluid Dynamics Hydrodynamics Aerodynamics TITANIC The trick is to keep the water on the

### SUMMARY PROBLEMS CAUSED BY BACKFLOW IN PIPE SYSTEMS.

Page 1 of 11 SUMMARY There are many problems derived from a reverse flow in a piping system. A solution presented in this paper is the WaStop inline check valve. The paper aims to explain some of the important

### Applications of Bernoulli s principle. Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure

Applications of Bernoulli s principle Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure Artery o When blood flows through narrower regions of arteries, the speed increases

### Experiment (13): Flow channel

Experiment (13): Flow channel Introduction: An open channel is a duct in which the liquid flows with a free surface exposed to atmospheric pressure. Along the length of the duct, the pressure at the surface

### Enter your parameter set number (1-27)

1- Helium balloons fly and balloons with air sink. Assume that we want to get a balloon that is just floating in the air, neither rising nor falling, when a small weight is placed hanging in the balloon.

### The Discussion of this exercise covers the following points: Pumps Basic operation of a liquid pump Types of liquid pumps The centrifugal pump.

Exercise 2-3 Centrifugal Pumps EXERCISE OBJECTIVE In this exercise, you will become familiar with the operation of a centrifugal pump and read its performance chart. You will also observe the effect that

### SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems

SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems Properties of Fluids and Pressure Learning Goal: I can explain the properties of fluids and identify associated units. Definitions: Fluid: A substance that

### A centrifugal pump consists of an impeller attached to and rotating with the shaft and a casing that encloses the impeller.

Centrifugal pump How centrifugal pumps work A centrifugal pump consists of an impeller attached to and rotating with the shaft and a casing that encloses the impeller. In centrifugal pump, liquid is forced

### 3 1 PRESSURE. This is illustrated in Fig. 3 3.

P = 3 psi 66 FLUID MECHANICS 150 pounds A feet = 50 in P = 6 psi P = s W 150 lbf n = = 50 in = 3 psi A feet FIGURE 3 1 The normal stress (or pressure ) on the feet of a chubby person is much greater than

### Concept of Fluid. Density. Pressure: Pressure in a Fluid. Pascal s principle. Buoyancy. Archimede s Principle. Forces on submerged surfaces

FLUID MECHANICS The fluid essential to all life has a beauty of its own. It also helps support the weight of this swimmer. (credit: Terren, Wikimedia Commons) Concept of Fluid Density Pressure: Pressure

### 12 fa. eel), Ara, Fl eat Mobi eu) r V14,:srholki CV -65 P- 1 1). e2r 46. ve, lactogin. 1 V eil - ( - t Teo. c 1 4 d 4. .'=- tit/ (4 nit) 6 --)

1). e2r 46 h eel), /pea lactogin Yd / In 1 V eil - ( - Cw ve, P- 1 Ara, Fl eat Mobi eu) r V14,:srholki 5e 0 (44,4 ci4) CV -65 So 0 t Teo.'=- tit/ (4 nit) 6 --) ci Seco (df_ 1 c 1 4 d 4 5-40 C 12 fa 4)

### The Discussion of this exercise covers the following points:

Exercise 3-2 Orifice Plates EXERCISE OBJECTIVE In this exercise, you will study how differential pressure flowmeters operate. You will describe the relationship between the flow rate and the pressure drop

### MATH AND MAINTENANCE FOR PUMPS AND BLOWERS TRAINING SEMINAR

MATH AND MAINTENANCE FOR PUMPS AND BLOWERS TRAINING SEMINAR FORCE WEIGHT OF WATER MEASURED IN POUNDS PRESSURE = FORCE PER UNIT AREA WEIGHT PER UNIT AREA PRESSURE (PSI) = FORCE (LBS) / AREA (IN 2 ) P (PSI)

### In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container.

In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position

### Chapter 13 Fluids. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 13 Fluids Phases of Matter Density and Specific Gravity Pressure in Fluids Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure Pascal s Principle Units of Chapter 13 Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the

### In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position. another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. 19.

In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position

### The density of a substance is the same for all samples of that substance.

8.8.a Density and Buoyancy Students know density is mass per unit volume. P71 Wood Steel The density of a substance is the same for all samples of that substance. 1. The two blocks shown have the same

### Chapter 15 Fluid. Density

Density Chapter 15 Fluid Pressure Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth Archimedes Principle and Buoyancy Applications of Archimedes Principle By Dr. Weining man 1 Units of Chapter 15 Fluid

### Paper 2.2. Operation of Ultrasonic Flow Meters at Conditions Different Than Their Calibration

Paper 2.2 Operation of Ultrasonic Flow Meters at Conditions Different Than Their Calibration Mr William Freund, Daniel Measurement and Control Mr Klaus Zanker, Daniel Measurement and Control Mr Dale Goodson,

### EDEXCEL NATIONALS UNIT 6 MECHANICAL PRINCIPLES and APPLICATIONS. ASSIGNMENT No. 4

EDEXCEL NATIONALS UNIT 6 MECHANICAL PRINCIPLES and APPLICATIONS ASSIGNMENT No. 4 NAME: I agree to the assessment as contained in this assignment. I confirm that the work submitted is my own work. Signature

### Quiz name: Chapter 13 Test Review - Fluids

Name: Quiz name: Chapter 13 Test Review - Fluids Date: 1. All fluids are A gases B liquids C gasses or liquids D non-metallic E transparent 2. 1 Pa is A 1 N/m B 1 m/n C 1 kg/(m s) D 1 kg/(m s 2 ) E 1 N/m

### 44 (0) E:

FluidFlow Relief Valve Sizing Handbook Flite Software 2016 Flite Software N.I. Ltd, Block E, Balliniska Business Park, Springtown Rd, Derry, BT48 0LY, N. Ireland. T: 44 (0) 2871 279227 E: sales@fluidflowinfo.com

### Lecture Outline Chapter 15. Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Lecture Outline Chapter 15 Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker Chapter 15 Fluids Density Units of Chapter 15 Pressure Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth Archimedes Principle and Buoyancy

### CHAPTER 9 Fluids. Units

CHAPTER 9 Fluids Units Fluids in Motion; Flow Rate and the Equation of Continuity Bernoulli s Equation Applications of Bernoulli s Principle Viscosity Flow in Tubes: Poiseuille s Equation, Blood Flow Surface

### Pump Selection and Sizing (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE)

Guidelines for Processing Plant Page : 1 of 64 Feb 2007 (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE) Author: A L Ling Checked by: Karl Kolmetz TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION Scope 5 General Design Consideration Type

### 1. A pure substance has a specific volume of 0.08 L/mol at a pressure of 3 atm and 298 K. The substance is most likely:

Name: September 19, 2014 EXAM 1 P a g e 1 1. A pure substance has a specific volume of 0.08 L/mol at a pressure of 3 atm and 298 K. The substance is most likely: a. Liquid b. Gas c. Supercritical Fluid

### Student name: + is valid for C =. The vorticity

13.012 Marine Hydrodynamics for Ocean Engineers Fall 2004 Quiz #1 Student name: This is a closed book examination. You are allowed 1 sheet of 8.5 x 11 paper with notes. For the problems in Section A, fill

### Journal of Applied Fluid Transients, Vol 1-1, April 2014 (3-1)

Modeling and Field Verification Study of Air Slam Conditions on kalanit Pipeline System By Yiftach Brunner & Sathish Kumar ir valves are integral part of long water transmission mains and are essential

### Chapter 15 Fluids. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 15 Fluids Density Units of Chapter 15 Pressure Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth Archimedes Principle and Buoyancy Applications of Archimedes Principle Fluid Flow and Continuity

### Numerical Simulations of a Train of Air Bubbles Rising Through Stagnant Water

Numerical Simulations of a Train of Air Bubbles Rising Through Stagnant Water Hong Xu, Chokri Guetari ANSYS INC. Abstract Transient numerical simulations of the rise of a train of gas bubbles in a liquid

### Department of Civil & Geological Engineering GEOE Engineering Geology

Department of Civil & Geological Engineering GEOE 218.3 Engineering Geology Assignment #3, Head, Pore Pressure & Effective Stress Due 08 Oct, 2010 NOTE: Numbered subscripts indicate depth, in metres, below

### Pressure Measurement

Pressure Measurement Absolute and Gage Pressure P abs = P gage + P atm where P abs = Absolute pressure P abs = Gage pressure P abs = atmospheric pressure A perfect vacuum is the lowest possible pressure.

### Unit code: H/ QCF level: 5 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 3 - STATIC AND DYNAMIC FLUID SYSTEMS TUTORIAL 2 - STATIC FLUID SYSTEMS

Unit 43: Plant and Process Principles Unit code: H/601 44 QCF level: 5 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 3 - STATIC AN YNAMIC FLUI SYSTEMS TUTORIAL - STATIC FLUI SYSTEMS 3 Understand static and dnamic fluid sstems

### COURSE NUMBER: ME 321 Fluid Mechanics I Fluid statics. Course teacher Dr. M. Mahbubur Razzaque Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering BUET

COURSE NUMBER: ME 321 Fluid Mechanics I Fluid statics Course teacher Dr. M. Mahbubur Razzaque Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering BUET 1 Fluid statics Fluid statics is the study of fluids in

### International Journal of Technical Research and Applications e-issn: , Volume 4, Issue 3 (May-June, 2016), PP.

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF FEED CHECK VALVE AS CONTROL VALVE USING CFD SOFTWARE R.Nikhil M.Tech Student Industrial & Production Engineering National Institute of Engineering Mysuru, Karnataka, India -570008

1- (a) A water tank has a rectangular base of dimensions 1.5m by 1.2m and contains 1440 kg of water. Calculate (i) the weight of the water, weight =...... [1] (ii) the pressure exerted by the water on

### Dean Pump Self-Priming Chemical Process Pumps

Bulletin C 1.2.34.7 Dean Pump Self-Priming Chemical Process Pumps php Series HEAD CAPACITY RANGE CHARTS php Self Primer - 2 Pole 3500 RPM 500 CAPACITY M 3 /HR 2900 RPM 50 HERTZ 25 50 75 125 150 400 TOTAL

### AP Physics B Ch 10 Fluids. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Name: Period: Date: AP Physics B Ch 10 Fluids 1) The three common phases of matter are A) solid, liquid, and vapor. B) solid, plasma, and gas. C) condensate, plasma, and gas. D) solid, liquid, and gas.

### S.A. Klein and G.F. Nellis Cambridge University Press, 2011

16-1 A flow nozzle is to be used to determine the mass flow rate of air through a 1.5 inch internal diameter pipe. The air in the line upstream of the meters is at 70 F and 95 psig. The barometric pressure

### Questions. theonlinephysicstutor.com. facebook.com/theonlinephysicstutor. Name: Edexcel Drag Viscosity. Questions. Date: Time: Total marks available:

Name: Edexcel Drag Viscosity Questions Date: Time: Total marks available: Total marks achieved: Questions Q1. A small helium balloon is released into the air. The balloon initially accelerates upwards.

### Example A: A 400-N force is applied to a tabletop over a square area with side-length L = 20-cm.

Physics 17 Part H Fluids and Pressure Uni-Directional Pressure The pressure that is applied over an area is the force applied, divided by the area. A 400-N force is applied to a tabletop over a square

### 2 Available: 1390/08/02 Date of returning: 1390/08/17 1. A suction cup is used to support a plate of weight as shown in below Figure. For the conditio

1. A suction cup is used to support a plate of weight as shown in below Figure. For the conditions shown, determine. 2. A tanker truck carries water, and the cross section of the truck s tank is shown

### 1.2 Example 1: A simple hydraulic system

Note: It is possible to use more than one fluid in the Hydraulic library. This is important because you can model combined cooling and lubrication systems of a library. The hydraulic library assumes a

### Engineering Information. Flow Data. Flow Data. Importance of Valve Sizing. Estimating Cv or Orifice Size:

Importance of Valve Sizing Improper sizing of a solenoid valve results in belowstan dard performance and can involve unnecessary cost. The basic factors in valve sizing include: Maximum and minimum flows

### DNVGL-CP-0187 Edition March 2016

CLASS PROGRAMME Type approval DNVGL-CP-0187 Edition March 2016 The electronic pdf version of this document, available free of charge from http://www.dnvgl.com, is the officially binding version. FOREWORD